la-otra-republica-sin-texto

La otra república

 Num. 6 | Las drogas y sus mundos  ojo

Guillermo Ibarra

 

Un analista extranjero que mencionamos en el artículo anterior, también nos preguntó: ¿Cómo se relaciona la infiltración de la economía del tráfico de drogas con la corrupción política, y en qué medida los llamados narco-empresarios se posicionan políticamente? Compartimos la respuesta con los lectores.

La palabra infiltración no es la adecuada para describir lo que ocurre con la relación entre la economía lícita e ilícita en Sinaloa. Ese es un tropo lingüístico usado en acciones de guerra donde un enemigo se “infiltra” como el agua en el territorio enemigo para hacer daño.

Es necesaria mayor imaginación sociológica para entender ese problema, puesto que en Sinaloa la norma es que un buen político es sospechoso de ser “narco político” por antonomasia, por acción u omisión de sus responsabilidades públicas. Aunque hay muchas excepciones.

Al mostrar cómo se organizó la economía en la Nueva España en sus primeros pasos, Enrique Semo, en su libro Historia del capitalismo en México, 1521-1763 (1973), llamó a la organización vernácula de las comunidades y regiones del territorio conquistado, república de los indios, consistente en la organización preexistente con sus formas de propiedad, jerarquía política, sistemas de producción y distribución.

Sobre esta república, según Semo, se erigió la república de los españoles, es decir, un sistema institucional de gobierno diferente pero articulado para usufructuar a la república de los indios. Se construyeron híbridos para conectar a ambas, por ejemplo, la encomienda que fue una forma de reclutar de las comunidades, una cantidad de indios para asignarlos a tareas productivas o proyectos de los españoles.

Al tomar como referencia ese paradigma histórico, podemos ver que en la sociedad mexicana actual convive la republica de los narcos con la republica civil, de tal suerte que se trata de un sistema institucional complejo, flexible, multifuncional que causa asombro similar a las grandes obras de arquitectura posmoderna.

Hasta la década de los ochenta, el estado priista mexicano tenía absoluto control de las bandas de narcotraficantes, a las cuales toleraba y a la vez “ordeñaba” de dinero; además, podía desaparecerlas en cualquier momento.

Con la globalización de las redes del tráfico de drogas, la conformación de mafias trasnacionales, el mercado global de armas, el avance de las telecomunicaciones y la obsolescencia de las instituciones políticas y de justicia que fueron funcionales en una sociedad rígida, el narcotráfico creó en México una nueva generación de empresarios con espíritu competitivo global, que al igual que la burguesía dedicada al comercio de larga distancia en las ciudades medievales crearon un nuevo sistema de organización que le permitió abrirse paso en medio de la sociedad señorial y feudal.

De igual manera, los empresarios del narco comenzaron a armar redes de producción y distribución, fórmulas novedosas de tributación a la autoridad establecida mediante sobornos, a incorporarse al manejo de la seguridad del territorio a través del financiamiento ilegal de las policías, e incluso terminaron convirtiendo en sus socios permanentes u ocasionales a empresarios reputados de honestos, presidentes municipales, diputados, senadores, gobernadores.

De esta forma, al menos en el caso de Sinaloa, se tiene una nueva gobernanza de un estado con perfiles fallidos en términos de hacer valer el estado de derecho entendido en forma convencional.

Aunque no son visibles los mecanismos de interacción de ambas repúblicas, en el caso de Sinaloa es posible advertir la existencia de una división territorial de la republica del narco que comprende a algunos municipios que tienen a una autoridad que se encarga de tributar una cantidad de dinero a las autoridades, policías y según Anabel Hernández, hasta al ejército, para poder operar con la complicidad de ellos e incluso con el concurso de ciertos comunicadores sociales.

Pareciera ser que a quien se le concesiona algún territorio tiene la prerrogativa de contar con el auxilio de jefes de seguridad, policías, quizá acceso subrepticio al sistema de video vigilancia de las calles, intervención subrepticia del control de seguridad (C4).

A su vez, los concesionarios del territorio se atribuyen en ocasiones funciones de autoridad municipal para autorizar en áreas urbanas, colonias populares o zonas rurales, la práctica de venta de droga, robo de automóviles y otros delitos menores.

Por consecuencia, a través de esa vía intentan recuperar la cuota que deben pagar en la republica civil. No obstante, su verdadero negocio es el comercio de drogas a larga distancia, de donde obtienen sus grandes dividendos, pero es requisito tener una base territorial para sus operaciones.

Ese sistema ha permitido que ciertos líderes de diferentes partidos políticos, funcionarios del más alto nivel e incluso autoridades de otras instituciones no políticas, se vean obligados a interactuar con los funcionarios de la republica del narco, la cual es algo más que un puñado de capos influyentes, sino un desconocido sistema de liderazgos rotativos, coyunturales que pueden cambiar de acuerdo con los políticos que estén en un tiempo determinado en los cargos públicos.

Algunos analistas del periodismo local han escrito que esta simbiosis institucional tiene el consentimiento de los órganos de seguridad de los Estados Unidos, que prefieren tener bajo control a los proveedores de droga que tener que lidiar con agrupamientos de las mafias rusas, albanesa o china.

En esta circunstancia, el dinero que genera la república del narco puede con poco problema incorporarse a los negocios lícitos de la otra república.

De nuevo, la legalización de la economía de las drogas deberá darse antes que ese “molino satánico”, devorador de personas e instituciones, acabe con el estado de derecho y la vida civilizada de Sinaloa y México.

Siguenos en twitter


Written by r00t

(Visited 106 times, 1 visits today)

573 comentarios

  1. You can certainly see your skills in the paintings you write. The world hopes for even more passionate writers such as you who are not afraid to say how they believe. Always go after your heart.

  2. It’а†s really a great and helpful piece of information. I’а†m glad that you just shared this helpful information with us. Please stay us up to date like this. Thanks for sharing.

  3. This is really interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I ave joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your wonderful post. Also, I have shared your web site in my social networks!

  4. It is challenging to get knowledgeable men and women in the course of this subject, but the truth is seem to be do you realize what you happen to be speaking about! Thanks

  5. This blog is no doubt entertaining and besides factual. I have picked up a bunch of helpful stuff out of this amazing blog. I ad love to visit it every once in a while. Thanks a bunch!

  6. This awesome blog is no doubt entertaining additionally informative. I have chosen helluva handy tips out of this blog. I ad love to visit it over and over again. Thanks a lot!

  7. This unique blog is no doubt educating as well as diverting. I have chosen a lot of helpful stuff out of this blog. I ad love to visit it again soon. Thanks a bunch!

  8. Pingback: Google

  9. It?s actually a nice and useful piece of information. I am glad that you simply shared this useful information with us. Please stay us informed like this. Thanks for sharing.

  10. Pingback: lelo

  11. Pingback: RMUTT Thailand

  12. Pingback: VIC2-2E/M

  13. Regards for helping out, wonderful info. аЂа‹аЂ Our individual lives cannot, generally, be works of art unless the social order is also.аЂ аЂа› by Charles Horton Cooley.

  14. Pingback: adult toy store

  15. Pingback: best survey sites to make money

  16. Pingback: coupon discount

  17. Pingback: fleshlight masturbation

  18. Pingback: children clothing wholesale in nairobi

  19. Pingback: escort cyberjaya

  20. Pingback: pettaxi

  21. Pingback: Webcam model jobs

  22. aby

    It sounds like you are generating difficulties by yourself by attempting to solve this issue as an alternative of looking at why their is often a issue in the first place

  23. So pleased to possess found this publish.. Respect the admission you presented.. Undoubtedly handy perception, thanks for sharing with us.. So content to have identified this publish..

  24. Pingback: calgary website company

  25. Pingback: Google

  26. Pingback: Read More Here

  27. Pingback: Clasificados de Trabajo en alabama

  28. Pingback: Nipple Clamps

  29. Pingback: valentines gifts for her

  30. It is in fact a cool and beneficial piece of details. I am content which you just shared this practical information and facts with us. Please retain us informed like this. Thank you for sharing.

  31. Pingback: female sex toys

  32. Pingback: Live adult webcam models

  33. Pingback: mens watches

  34. Pingback: kona coffee

  35. Pingback: advance auto

  36. Pingback: pick up lift

  37. Keep the excellent function, I read few web sites on this excellent website and I conceive that your web site is really interesting and contains lots associated with excellent data.

  38. Pingback: kona bean co. peaberry

  39. Pingback: coffee beans

  40. Pingback: kona best pure

  41. Pingback: Bankruptcy lawyer

  42. Pingback: best coffee

  43. Pingback: coffee beans online best

  44. Pingback: go to these guys

  45. Pingback: hawaii kona coffee

  46. Pingback: black gold kona

  47. Pingback: Shower Vibrator

  48. Nice post. I learn something new and challenging on blogs I stumbleupon everyday. It will always be useful to read content from other authors and use something from other websites.

  49. Pingback: descargar

  50. This particular blog is definitely entertaining and also amusing. I have picked a bunch of handy advices out of this amazing blog. I ad love to return again soon. Cheers!

  51. Pingback: workfromhomejobs

  52. Pingback: web hosting eCommerce

  53. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I ave truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts. In any case I all be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon!

  54. Only a smiling visitant here to share the love (:, btw outstanding style and design. Reading well is one of the great pleasures that solitude can afford you. by Harold Bloom.

  55. Pingback: download games for windows 8

  56. Pingback: Waste Equipment

  57. I?¦ll right away snatch your rss feed as I can not in finding your email subscription hyperlink or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Kindly permit me recognise so that I may subscribe. Thanks.

  58. outstanding write-up A a greater level really wonderful along with utilitarian information employing this site, likewise My own partner and we think your style is composed with fantastic works.

  59. Pingback: download software for windows 7

  60. Pingback: luxury sex toy

  61. Pingback: adamandeve.com

  62. This particular blog is definitely awesome and also diverting. I have chosen a lot of handy tips out of this blog. I ad love to return again soon. Thanks a bunch!

  63. Pingback: Camiones De Volteo en california

  64. Pingback: unhas

  65. Where I am from we don at get enough of this type of thing. Got to search around the entire globe for such relevant stuff. I appreciate your effort. How do I find your other articles?!

  66. Pingback: padangos kaina

  67. Wow! This could be one particular of the most beneficial blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject. Actually Fantastic. I am also a specialist in this topic so I can understand your hard work.

  68. Pingback: More Help

  69. Pingback: android games for pc download

  70. Pingback: 美国 作弊 被抓

  71. Can I just say what a relief to find someone who actually knows what theyre talking about on the internet. You definitely know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people need to read this and understand this side of the story. I cant believe youre not more popular because you definitely have the gift.

  72. Pingback: toys for couples

  73. Pingback: webcam models

  74. Excellent goods from you, man. I have understand your stuff previous to and you’re just too fantastic. I really like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you’re saying and the way in which you say it. You make it enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it sensible. I can’t wait to read much more from you. This is actually a great website.

  75. Just want to say your article is as amazing. The clearness on your publish is just excellent and i can suppose you’re a professional in this subject. Well together with your permission allow me to grasp your RSS feed to stay up to date with impending post. Thanks 1,000,000 and please keep up the enjoyable work.

  76. I’m really impressed together with your writing talents and also with the structure for your weblog. Is that this a paid subject matter or did you modify it yourself? Anyway stay up the nice quality writing, it is uncommon to look a great blog like this one these days..

  77. I like what you guys are up also. Such smart work and reporting! Carry on the superb works guys I?¦ve incorporated you guys to my blogroll. I think it will improve the value of my website 🙂

  78. Pingback: Adult Products

  79. Very great post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I’ve truly enjoyed browsing your weblog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your feed and I’m hoping you write again very soon!

  80. I am usually to blogging and i really recognize your content. The article has really peaks my interest. I am going to bookmark your web site and preserve checking for new information.

  81. Attractive section of content. I simply stumbled upon your blog and in accession capital to say that I get actually enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I’ll be subscribing in your feeds or even I success you get entry to persistently quickly.

  82. Very interesting details you have mentioned, appreciate it for putting up. “I’ve made a couple of mistakes I’d like to do over.” by Jerry Coleman.

  83. Pingback: clit sex toy

  84. Pingback: Dryer installation

  85. There are actually loads of details like that to take into consideration. That is a nice level to convey up. I provide the ideas above as general inspiration but clearly there are questions just like the one you bring up the place the most important thing can be working in trustworthy good faith. I don?t know if greatest practices have emerged around things like that, but I’m sure that your job is clearly recognized as a good game. Both boys and girls feel the impact of just a second’s pleasure, for the remainder of their lives.

  86. I as well as my friends were actually analyzing the great items from your web page then immediately came up with a terrible suspicion I had not expressed respect to you for those strategies. These boys are already as a consequence warmed to study them and have now seriously been tapping into those things. Appreciate your genuinely indeed accommodating and also for choosing this kind of brilliant information most people are really eager to discover. Our sincere apologies for not expressing gratitude to earlier.

  87. There are actually a number of particulars like that to take into consideration. That could be a great point to bring up. I provide the ideas above as general inspiration but clearly there are questions like the one you bring up the place a very powerful thing will probably be working in honest good faith. I don?t know if finest practices have emerged round issues like that, however I am positive that your job is clearly identified as a fair game. Each boys and girls feel the affect of only a second’s pleasure, for the rest of their lives.

  88. Pingback: air systems duct cleaning

  89. Great post. I was checking continuously this blog and I am inspired! Extremely useful info particularly the ultimate section 🙂 I take care of such info much. I used to be seeking this particular info for a long time. Thank you and best of luck.

  90. Hey there, I think your site might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your website in Chrome, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, wonderful blog!

  91. Thanks for all of your efforts on this site. Gloria enjoys setting aside time for research and it’s simple to grasp why. Almost all learn all regarding the powerful means you give invaluable guidance via this blog and attract contribution from other people on the subject matter while our favorite simple princess is truly becoming educated so much. Have fun with the remaining portion of the year. You’re the one conducting a superb job.

  92. Pingback: Luxury Sex Toy

  93. Pingback: best g spot vibrator

  94. Pingback: pc version free download

  95. I want to express my thanks to you for bailing me out of such a circumstance. Just after surfing around throughout the the web and meeting opinions which were not powerful, I was thinking my entire life was well over. Being alive minus the strategies to the difficulties you have resolved as a result of your good short article is a crucial case, as well as the kind that would have adversely damaged my career if I hadn’t discovered your web blog. Your primary competence and kindness in handling the whole thing was priceless. I am not sure what I would’ve done if I hadn’t encountered such a solution like this. I can at this point look ahead to my future. Thanks so much for the high quality and result oriented help. I will not hesitate to propose your blog to anybody who should have care about this issue.

  96. Wow, amazing blog structure! How lengthy have you ever been blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The whole look of your web site is excellent, as well as the content!

  97. Pingback: best sex furniture

  98. Pingback: my first jack rabbit

  99. Wow, superb blog layout! How long have you been blogging for? you made blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is fantastic, as well as the content!. Thanks For Your article about sex.

  100. Pingback: bitcoin faucet

  101. Pingback: cockring

  102. Pingback: free online dating

  103. Pingback: Art

  104. Pingback: webcam models

  105. Thanks , I have just been searching for info approximately this subject for a while and yours is the best I have came upon so far. But, what concerning the conclusion? Are you positive in regards to the source?

  106. I have been exploring for a bit for any high-quality articles or weblog posts on this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I ultimately stumbled upon this website. Studying this information So i am glad to express that I have an incredibly excellent uncanny feeling I discovered just what I needed. I such a lot for sure will make sure to do not disregard this website and give it a look on a relentless basis.

  107. Pretty section of content. I just stumbled upon your weblog and in accession capital to assert that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Anyway I will be subscribing to your augment and even I achievement you access consistently fast.

  108. Great – I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your website. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs and related information ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Quite unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, website theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Nice task.

  109. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your blog and wished to mention that I’ve really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. After all I’ll be subscribing on your feed and I hope you write once more soon!

  110. Pingback: best anal toys

  111. Pingback: 이문희 감독

  112. Hey! Quick question that’s totally off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My web site looks weird when browsing from my apple iphone. I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to resolve this issue. If you have any recommendations, please share. Many thanks!

  113. Pingback: Tiles stickers

  114. I discovered your weblog site on google and examine just a few of your early posts. Proceed to keep up the very good operate. I just extra up your RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. Looking for ahead to studying extra from you in a while!…

  115. Pingback: trampoline parks California

  116. Pingback: ten yard dumpster

  117. Pingback: auto insurance auction

  118. Pingback: adult sex shop

  119. Beneficial document helps make frequent advance, appreciate it write about, this pile-up connected with expertise is usually to hold finding out, focus is usually the beginning of money.

  120. Pingback: British Nationality and Citizenship

  121. Pingback: taxi sölden

  122. Pingback: hybrid wheels

  123. Excellent blog! Do you have any hints for aspiring writers? I’m hoping to start my own blog soon but I’m a little lost on everything. Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m totally confused .. Any tips? Appreciate it!

  124. Thanks for another informative site. The place else could I get that type of info written in such a perfect approach? I’ve a challenge that I am just now operating on, and I’ve been on the glance out for such information.

  125. You have made some good points there. I checked on the internet for additional information about the issue and found most people will go along with your views on this site.

  126. I’ve been surfing on-line more than three hours these days, yet I never discovered any fascinating article like yours. It is beautiful value sufficient for me. In my opinion, if all site owners and bloggers made excellent content material as you did, the net might be much more helpful than ever before.

  127. Okay you are right, actually PHP is a open source and its help we can obtain free from any community or web page as it occurs at this place at this web page.

  128. I liked as much as you will obtain performed right here. The caricature is tasteful, your authored subject matter stylish. nevertheless, you command get bought an edginess over that you wish be turning in the following. in poor health certainly come further earlier once more since precisely the same nearly a lot continuously inside case you shield this hike.

  129. Pingback: toronto computers

  130. What’s Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I’ve found It absolutely helpful and it has helped me out loads. I hope to contribute & aid other users like its helped me. Great job.

  131. I’ve been absent for a while, but now I remember why I used to love this website. Thanks , I’ll try and check back more frequently. How frequently you update your site?

  132. Pingback: chat

  133. Pingback: digital marketing philippines

  134. Pingback: Sell house Derby, KS

  135. Pingback: orgasmic

  136. Thank you for another informative website. Where else could I get that kind of info written in such an ideal way? I have a project that I’m just now working on, and I have been on the look out for such information.

  137. Pingback: sex toy vibrator

  138. I was recommended this blog by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my trouble. You are incredible! Thanks!

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada. Los campos necesarios están marcados *